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Prophetess Chalduh, A Great Israelite Matriarch

Posted by Mosheh Ben Israel on July 14, 2014 at 11:50 AM Comments comments (0)


The Extraordinary Prophetess Chuldah


There were three leading prophets in Chuldah’s generation - Yirmiyah, Tzefaniah, and she, Prophetess Chuldah, was the third one. Yirmiyah prophesied in the marketplaces, Tzefaniah in the buildings where people congregated, and Prophetess Chuldah prophesied to the women according to the sages but the narratives in the Tanach seem to show something different.


Prophetess Chuldah was involved in one of the most important stories in the Tanach twice in second Kings 22 and again in second Chronicles 34. I will share short form here. Melachim II 22 records an event involving King Yoshiyahu. Yoshiyahu came after two wicked kings, who had attempted to destroy Torah - Menasheh (who repented at the end of his life) and Amon. Yoshiyahu took the throne at age 8, and he was a righteous king. At age 26, Yoshiyahu decided it was time to turn the treasury toward fixing up the Beis haMikdash. In the course of the work, a scroll was discovered.


Chilkiah the Kohen Gadol, Shafan the scribe, and others, brought the scroll to Yoshiyahu. It is not clear what was in the scroll. It may have been a normal Torah opened to The Eternal's threats of punishment to the Israelite people. It also may have been a book of Debarim. Alternatively, it may have been a Torah which Moshe recorded, himself.


Whatever it was, it warned of punishment, which frightened Yoshiyahu. Yoshiyahu ordered them to petition The Eternal for guidance, and so they went to Prophetess Chuldah. Prophetess Chuldah informed them that The Eternal was going to bring punishment upon the Israelite people, but that their personal goodness would spare them this experience. The suffering would come after their deaths.


The sages offered an interesting question - Why did they go to Prophetess Chuldah, when Yirmiyahu was around? They respond that it may have been because he was not in Yerushalayim that day, or because they were hoping she would be merciful. Yirmiyahu was known for his harsh rebukes; they thought that Prophetess Chuldah, a woman, might be more merciful. However, the truth may be that The Spirit of The Eternal gave them the guidance to seek her out for it was her whom He revealed the revelation. For extraordinary times and events, Abba has things done in His own way, which often defies what cultural traditions dictates to mankind.


Now more on the Prophetess Chuldah. Prophetess Chuldah's husband was also an interesting person. He was the guardian of the king's (perhaps the Kohen Gadol's) special garments. Jewish Midrashic sources link him to a story involving Elisha. Elisha had been promised that his miracles would double those of Eliyahu. Eliyahu revived one person. Elisha's famous resuscitation was the son of the Shunamis. Where was the second? The sages suggest that it may have been in 2Melachim13, when a body was put in Elisha's freshly-dug grave, and it came to life and popped out of the grave. Some suggest that this man went on to become a great man, sitting at the gate of Yerushalayim and providing water for travellers, and that he married Chuldah the Prophetess.


Prophetess Chuldah had another unique point. The standard rule is that nobody is buried in Yerushalayim (bodies aren't even left in Yerushalayim overnight; they are taken out and buried outside, even at night). I find it very amazing that the only exceptions are the tomb of King David, and the tomb of our Matriarch, Prophetess Chuldah. Various sources explain that a specially constructed tunnel allowed for the flow of impurity to leave the city out to Nachal Kidron, so that people walking in Yerushalayim would not become impure.


There was a gate to the Temple named for Prophetess Chuldah, and the Jewish Midrash says this gate was never destroyed. One Jewish sage, named Rashi comments that this was the gate where she sat and taught; it is referred to as "Mishneh" in the verse (2Melachim 22:14).


"15 She told them, “Adonai the God of Isra’el says to tell the man who sent you to me 16 that Adonai says this: ‘I am going to bring calamity on this place and on its inhabitants, every word in the scroll the king of Y’hudah has read; 17 because they have abandoned me and offered to other gods, in order to provoke me with everything they do. Therefore my anger will burn against this place and will not be quenched.’ 18 But you are to tell the king of Y’hudah, who sent you to consult Adonai, that Adonai the God of Isra’el also says this: ‘In regard to the words you have heard, 19 because your heart was tender, and you humbled yourself before Adonai when you heard what I said against this place and its inhabitants — that they would become an object of astonishment and cursing — and have torn your clothes and cried before me, I have also heard you, says Adonai. 20 Therefore I will gather you to your ancestors, you will go to your grave in peace, and your eyes will not see all the calamity I am going to bring on this place.’” So they brought word back to the king."




Alternatively, "Mishneh" may refer to the walls which were there. There is a comment added to Rashi's commentary on that verse in Melachim, suggesting that Prophetess Chuldah taught Mishnah to the sages by that gate. If this is true, then there is evidence here that Prophetess Chuldah surely did more than prophesize to women. According to the sages, she actually taught the learned men of Israel and prophesized to them as well at the gate but not inside of the Temple. I believe Prophetess Chaldah is one of the most interesting Matriarchs of our Hebraic Roots.

 


 

 


 


Nasso, Torah Study for May 31, 2014

Posted by Mosheh Ben Israel on May 29, 2014 at 12:25 AM Comments comments (0)



Nasso  "Take up"

HEBREW DATE:              2 Sivan 5774


TORAH:                            Numbers 4:21-7:89

1st Reading:   Numbers 4:21 | The Gershonites and Merarites

2nd Reading:  Numbers 4:34 | Census of the Levites

3rd Reading:   Numbers 5:1 | Unclean Persons

4th Reading:   Numbers 5:5 | Confession and Restitution

5th Reading:   Numbers 5:11 | Concerning an Unfaithful Wife

6th Reading:   Numbers 6:1 | The Nazirites

7th Reading:   Numbers 6:22 | The Priestly Benediction

maf:                   Numbers 7:1 | Offerings of the Leaders

 


HAFTARAH:                     Judges 13:2-5

ProphetsJdg 13:1 | The Birth of Samson

BESORAH:                       John 11:1-54






Torah Portion for May 17, 2014

Posted by Mosheh Ben Israel on May 15, 2014 at 7:55 PM Comments comments (0)



Torah Portion for May 17, 2014

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Bechukotai   "In My statutes"

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Torah: Leviticus 26:3-27:34

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Haftarah:  Jer 16:19-17:14


Besorah: Luke 14:1-15:32


Brit Chadashah:  2 Cor 6:14-18


The Jews of Nigeria: An Afro-Judaic Odyssey

Posted by Mosheh Ben Israel on October 4, 2012 at 7:15 AM Comments comments (4)

The Jews of Nigeria: An Afro-Judaic Odyssey

Reviews

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“A fascinating, sensitive, and insightful addition to the rapidly developing field of studies of Jews and Judaism in Africa. A must-read . . .”

—Richard Hull, New York University

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“Metaphorically, the Igbo have often been regarded as ‘the Jews of Nigeria’ because of their entrepreneurial exceptionalism. This volume is about those Igbo who are literally of Jewish faith. Professor William Miles provides us with a fascinating report about Black Jews who have prospered in a country with the largest concentration of Muslims on the African continent.”

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—Ali A. Mazrui, Professor and Director of Global Cultural Studies, State University of New York, Binghamton

LI synagogue lends hand to Nigerian Jews

Newsweek, NYC & LI Sept 17, 2012

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” Members of a Plainview synagogue are extending support to a group of Nigerians, estimated to number in the thousands, who have discovered what they believe are their ancient Jewish roots. The decision by members of the Igbo ethnic group in Nigeria to follow Judaism instead of Christianity is generating debate among rabbis and scholars about the authenticity of their Jewish roots and the converts’ assertions that Jews lived in Africa‘s most populous nation before the Christian missionaries arrived with European colonizers around 1800.But their little-known story is also stoking fascination and enthusiasm. A new documentary film is out and a book by a professor who grew up in West Hempstead goes on sale in November, while the Manetto Hill Jewish Center in Plainview is sending 700 High Holy Days prayer books to the Igbo Jews.” They’re an inspiring group of people,” said Marilyn Morris, who organized the book-donation project. “To do something for them was great.” She recently invited the maker of “Re-Emerging: The Jews of Nigeria” to show the film at her synagogue.

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Cultural similarities: About two decades ago, some Igbo started practicing Judaism after discovering — partly through the Internet — parallels between their longtime cultural practices and the Jewish faith, said filmmaker Jeff Lieberman. The Igbo, for instance, circumcise their sons on the eighth day after their birth, slaughter animals in ritualistic ways and do not eat nonkosher types of meat such as pork, or fish without scales.” The coincidental cultural practices really are striking,” said William Miles, a political science professor at Northeastern University and author of the forthcoming “Jews of Nigeria: An Afro-Judaic Odyssey.” He estimates there are several thousand Igbo Jews today and about 25 synagogues, mainly in the southern and eastern parts of Nigeria. The Igbos’ embrace of Judaism recalls similar phenomena by ethnic groups in Uganda and Ethiopia.

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Muslims are the largest religious group in Nigeria, and the Igbos, 30 million strong, have lived as Christians for centuries. The Jewish converts often are ostracized or cast off by their own families. Questions about ancestry One Igbo featured in the film, Shmuel Tikzah, 37, said in the film that his father has accepted his conversion from Catholicism to Judaism, but his mother cried and thinks he has joined a cult. “My father tried to convince her that Judaism is a pure religion,” he said, “but she couldn’t listen.” "It is an anguished and soul-wrenching discovery,” Lieberman said, for them to leave Christian religion that had been “a deep part of their lives.” Rabbi Howard Gorin of Rockville, Md., who has ministered to the Igbo Jews on three trips, said there are also tens of thousands of Igbos who fall into a more nebulous category, including those who practice Judaism but also still believe in Jesus Christ, and others who don’t practice Judaism but consider themselves “Jewish.”Gorin said he does not believe the Igbo had Jewish ancestors. “I don’t think they are re-emerging because I don’t believe there ever was an historic Jewish community in Nigeria,” he said. “There is totally no evidence for that.” He said they adopted customs that parallel Judaism simply by reading the Bibles brought by Christian missionaries. Lieberman said that while the jury is still out on whether Jews lived in Nigeria centuries ago, the fact is today many are proclaiming themselves Jewish.

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Matter of the heart: “In the final analysis,” said David Senter, rabbi of the Manetto Hill Jewish Center, “Judaism is a matter of the heart.” Morris said her synagogue recently replaced its High Holy Days prayer books with new ones, so the synagogue decided to send the old ones, still in good condition, to the Igbo Jews. The timing was also good because the holy days of Rosh Hashanah when Jews are encouraged to perform acts of charity were approaching. In late August she and her husband, Elliot, a pediatrician, drove the books to a shipping company in Maryland to send to Nigeria. “It’s nice to be able to pass down a piece of our heritage,” she said. “It was such a feel-good feeling when we drove down. We were just giddy almost.” Mitchell Nesenoff, a businessman from Dix Hills who travels often to Nigeria, said he will help distribute the books to synagogues there. Tikzah said in a phone interview that the Igbo Jews will be grateful for the books.” I’m very happy and excited about it,” said Tikzah, who dreams of studying at the Jewish Theological Seminary in Manhattan to become a rabbi if he can get a student visa.”

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Melchizedek Dead Sea Scroll: 11Q13, Column 2

Posted by Mosheh Ben Israel on October 3, 2012 at 3:20 PM Comments comments (0)

Melchizedek Dead Sea Scroll: 11Q13, Column 2

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(...) And concerning what Scripture says, "In this year of Jubilee you shall return, everyone f you, to your property" (Lev. 25;13) And what is also written; "And this is the manner of the remission; every creditor shall remit the claim that is held against a neighbor, not exacting it of a neighbor who is a member of the community, because God`s remission has been proclaimed" (Deut.15;2) the interpretation is that it applies to the Last Days and concerns the captives, just as Isaiah said: "To proclaim the Jubilee to the captives" (Isa. 61;1) (...) just as (...) and from the inheritance of Melchizedek, for (... Melchizedek), who will return them to what is rightfully theirs. He will proclaim to them the Jubilee, thereby releasing them from the debt of all their sins. He shall proclaim this decree in the first week of the jubilee period that follows nine jubilee periods. Then the "Day of Atonement" shall follow after the tenth jubilee period, when he shall atone for all the Sons of Light, and the people who are predestined to Melchizedek. (...) upon them (...) For this is the time decreed for the "Year of Melchizedek`s favour", and by his might he will judge God`s holy ones and so establish a righteous kingdom, as it is written about him in the Songs of David ; "A godlike being has taken his place in the council of God; in the midst of divine beings he holds judgement" (ps. 82;1). Scripture also says about him ; "Over it take your seat in the highest heaven; A divine being will judge the peoples" (Ps. 7;7-Concerning what scripture says ; " How long will you judge unjustly , and show partiality with the wicked? Selah" (Ps. 82;2), the interpretation applies to Belial and the spirits predestined to him, because all of them have rebelled, turning from God`s precepts and so becoming utterly wicked. Therefore Melchizedek will thoroughly prosecute the vengeance required by God`s statutes. Also, he will deliver all the captives from the power of Belial, and from the power of all the spirits destined to him. Allied with him will be all the "righteous divine beings"(Isa. 61;3). (The ...) is that whi(ch ...all) the divine beings.

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The visitation is the Day of Salvation that He has decreed through Isaiah the prophet concerning all the captives, inasmuch as Scripture says, "How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of the messenger who announces peace, who brings good news, who announces salvation, who says to Zion "Your divine being reigns"." (Isa. 52;7) This scriptures' interpretation: "the mountains" are the prophets, they who were sent to proclaim God`s truth and to prophesy to all Israel. "The messengers" is the Anointed of the spirit, of whom Daniel spoke; "After the sixty-two weeks, an Anointed shall be cut off" (Dan. 9;26) The "messenger who brings good news, who announces Salvation" is the one of whom it is written; "to proclaim the year of the LORD`s favour, the day of the vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn" (Isa. 61;2) This scripture`s interpretation: he is to instruct them about all the periods of history for eternity (... and in the statutes) of the truth. (...) (.... dominion) that passes from Belial and returns to the Sons of Light (....) (...) by the judgment of God, just as it is written concerning him; "who says to Zion "Your divine being reigns" (Isa. 52;7) "Zion" is the congregation of all the sons of righteousness, who uphold the covenant and turn from walking in the way of the people. "Your divine being" is Melchizedek, who will deliver them from the power of Belial. Concerning what scripture says, "Then you shall have the trumpet sounded loud; in the seventh month . . . " (Lev. 25;9)

Rim-Agu in Empires of the Bible

Posted by Mosheh Ben Israel on October 2, 2012 at 4:20 PM Comments comments (0)

SIUR

RIM-AGU IN EMPIRES OF THE BIBLE

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Rim-Agu was the son of Kudur-mabuk. His name is translated rather indefinitely. Besides the name as given in this inscription, it is translated “Riagu,” “Eriacu,” “Ri-im-agu,” and “Rim-agu.” The form that has the preference in the books is the one adopted here. His position and titles as given by himself are as follows: -

“Rim-agu, the powerful hero, the governor of Ur, King of Larsa, King of Sumir and Akkad.”

“Rim-agu, the powerful man, the high Ruler, established by Bel, nourisher of Ur, King of Larsa, king of Sumir and Akkad, son of Kudur-mabuk, the Lord of Elam.”

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The capture of the city of Karrak by Rim-agu was an event to which so much importance was attached that it was used as an era. A number of tablets were found that were dated in “the fifth,” “the sixth,” “the seventh,” “the eighth,” “the thirteenth,” and “the twenty-eighth” “year after Karrak was captured.” One of them reads: “Month Tisritu, 30th day, in the thirteenth year after Karrak, by the living ruler, Rim-agu, was captured.”[34] This proves that Karrak was a place of no little importance. Another inscription of this time is dated, “Month Abu, in the year when the River Tigris, the river of the gods, to the ocean was excavated:” which shows that Rim-agu cut a channel from the Tigris to the Persian Gulf. Another document is dated “in the year when Kisure he [Rim-agu] occupied and his powerful warriors Bel gave him in numbers, and Dur-an he conquered.” “This notice refers to a war in Upper Babylonia, both Kisure and Dur-an being in that part of the country.” - George Smith.

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Hammurabi, or Khammuragas, broke the power of Kudurmabuk and Rim-agu, and brought their kingdom to an end during their lifetime. This man was the leader of a host of invaders from the borders of Media. He and his followers composed the “horde of strangers” who “swept over the country” of Accad and dispossessed Queen Ellat-gulla of her kingdom. “After obtaining possession of Northern Babylonia, or Akkad, and fixing his capital at Babylon, Hammurabi made war on the southern portion of the country, then ruled by Rim-agu. His first attack was probably the invasion which Rim-agu claims to have repulsed; if so, however, this success only gave a short breathing time to the kingdom of Rim-agu.

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Hammurabi again attacked him; and, although the king of Larsa called in the aid of the Elamites, he and his allies were defeated in a decisive battle by Hammurabi, who now took possession of the rest of the country.” - George Smith. [36] The triumph of Hammurabi is recorded in the two following inscriptions: -

“Month Sabadu, 22nd day in the year, when Hammurabi the king, in the service of Anu and Bel triumphantly marched, and the Lord of Elam and King Rim-agu he overthrew.” “Month Nisannu in the year when Hammurabi the King in the service of Anu and Bel triumphantly marched.”

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“In spite of the brilliant reigns of Sargon and Naram-sin, who ruled in Upper Babylonia, the most important seats had hitherto been in the lower country. With the reign of Hammurabi all this was changed. . . . From the time when Hammurabi fixed his court at Babylon, that city continued to be the capital of the country down to the conquest of Babylonia by the Persians.” - George Smith. Hammurabi himself did much to give to Babylon the elements of permanency that caused it to continue a great city and a mighty capital for more than twelve hundred years. He introduced, if he did not invent, a grand system of irrigation. An embankment was built against the Tigris, and a net-work of canals was constructed to distribute the waters that were drawn from the rivers. The main canal, as repaired by the great Nebuchadnezzar, was one of the wonders of Babylon when Herodotus described it about BC. 450. Of the original of this great work, Hammurabi himself wrote thus: -

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“Hammurabi the powerful king, king of Babylon, the king renowned through the four races, conqueror of the enemies of Muruduk, the ruler of the delight of his heart am I. When Anu and Bel the people of Sumir and Akkad to my dominion gave, powerful adversaries into my hand they delivered. The river Hammurabi-nuhus-nisi (Hammurabi the delight of men) flowing waters giving pleasure to the people of Sumir and Akkad I excavated, the whole of its banks to its course I restored, the entire channel I filled, perennial waters. for the people of Sumir and Akkad I established. The people of Sumir and Akkad, their chief men I gathered, authority and possessions I established to them; delight and pleasure I spread out to them, in luxurious seats I seated them.

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Then I Hammurabi, the powerful king, blessed by the great gods, with the powerful forces which Muruduk gave me, a great wall with much earth, its top like a mountain raised, along the river Hammurabi-nuhus-nisi I made.” It will thus be seen that he not only established an excellent system of irrigation, but that he took a personal interest in distributing the people throughout the land, and training them into the enjoyment of the benefits which were thus brought within their reach. The land of Babylon was marvelously productive. Herodotus says of it that “of all the countries that we know there is none which is so fruitful in grain. It makes no pretension indeed of growing the fig, the olive, the vine, or any other tree of the kind, but in grain it is so fruitful as to yield commonly two-hundred-fold, and when the production is the greatest, even three-hundred-fold. The blade of the wheat-plant and the barley-plant is often four fingers in breadth.

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As for the millet and the sesame, I shall not say to what height they grow, though within my own knowledge; for I am not ignorant that what I have already written concerning the fruitfulness of Babylonia must seem incredible to those who have never visited the country.” - Rawlinson. [39] Having secured to two whole nations of people - Sumer and Accad - in his own time, and to untold numbers for the future, the blessings of husbandry in such a land as this, Hammurabi, of Babylon, deserves to be distinguished as one of the greatest kings of all time.

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SOURCE:

FROM THE CONFUSION OF TONGUES TO THE BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY

“To the intent that the living may know that the Most High rules in the kingdom of men.”

BY ALONZO TREVIER JONES

 

 

Eri Origin: The Aguleri & Umueri Relationship

Posted by Mosheh Ben Israel on October 2, 2012 at 3:50 PM Comments comments (0)

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Eri Origin: The Aguleri & Umueri Relationship

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Aguleri and Umueri were Neighbors and from all available evidence are relatives since the both origin is surrounded in the myth of Eri. One accounts has it that Aguleri were amalgamation of Eri descendants living in the forest/wilderness as the name suggests -The Eri living in the forest(Aguu). This explains why many Aguleri have their ancestral home in Aguleri Otu and Odeke at the bank of Anambra River near to Kogi State .

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Though this account seems not popular, but it’s no denying the fact that both Aguleri and Umueri hail from the same ancestor. Oral tradition of Umueri however agreed that they were half brother. The Oral tradition traces the geneology to Dabawor, the eldest Son of Eri whose daughter was Okpu, the founder of the most elderly village in Aguleri till today.

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Eri been a typical Polygamist married many wives of which many of the other Villages in Aguleri fall into the category. But the Oral tradition of Aguleri speaks of Okpu lineage but points to the existence of non-Okpu descendants that today occupied the territory of Aguleri side by side with Okpu, a claim which is consistence with Polygamy. However to prove the fact that the oldest and most elderly Village in Aguleri emanates from Umueri, the Okpu Village has kept the ritual practice of paying tribute to Dabawor Shrine. And they have never failed to pay the homage despite recent stain in the relationship Occasioned by land dispute, litigation and war. During Sacrifices, the Okpu Village Elders received the daughterly share( a practice that has been observed unto this day) of waist of Cow or Goat used for its sacrifice. Furthermore, it was proved that Umumba Igboezunu,Aguleri- the Custodian of Ajana Aguleri has blood relationship with Ugume Umueri. At the Installation of an AJANA Chief Priest, Ugume Village of Umueri is usually informed. It’s mandatory that "sons of Dabawor (Ugume) should be there to perform the customary rites. The study of the relationship between the two towns was hindered due to the Otuocha land dispute which held way for more than 50 years (1933-1984). This has indeed led various indigenous authors and writers, who were unable to conquer prejudice and bias landed themselves into distortion of facts. Thus Umueri/Aguleri brotherhood was sacrificed on alter of litigation, calumny, greed and hatred.

The Maternal Influence of Iguedo

Posted by Mosheh Ben Israel on October 2, 2012 at 3:50 PM Comments comments (0)

The Maternal Influence of Iguedo

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The Origin of Iguedo though seems to be a great puzzle to Historians than that of Eri but her importance in history of Igbo origin could not be over emphasis. Some Scholar attempted to credit her as a daughter of Eri, but this attempt failed because there was no way She could be a daughter of Eri and got married to same man or his son inorder to begat Umueri. This is tantamount to taboo or "nso ani" in Igbo Culture. The Second Group has tagged her as Eri daughter who was allowed by her father to bear children at home without been married. But the Oral tradition of the entire Iguedo clans disagreed with this assertion as it could have amount to bastardization of Culture if Eri made such a taboo as all of their tradition indicates paternal origin

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From an account of One Mrs Paulina Osakwe now deceased, an aged woman from Nando clarified that in those (ancient) days, both Igbo , Igala and Binis are one people living in Anambra Valley under the leadership of Eri. That Iguedo was from Bini lineage seems be getting wide acceptance (taking consideration of her name).

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Iguedo was said to be a very powerful woman with mysterious power. She holds a lot of power that at her demise most of the town founded by her children was known by her name. This was later to become a tradition in Umu-Iguedo and entire Anambra Valley as children are easily recognized by their Mother's name rather than that of their fathers. This was due to the polygamous nature of the society then. Because by using ones Mothers name, it would be easier to know the exact person and lineage. Hence Dabawor (founder of Umueri) was known as child of Iguedo . Dabawor (Umueri) was the 3 child of Iguedo as she had previously bore two to Nnameyi (Founders of Ogbunike & Awkuzu) before Eri took her as wife after having divorced the previous Husband. At Demise of Eri, she got married to Iru whom she bore Ndo (The founder of Nando).

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An Oral account has it that at her death, Nando invited the rest of the children of Iguedo for burial arrangement. But then there was commotion and quarrellings on where to entered her body. Ogbunike who was the eldest of the Iguedos wanted the body to be taken home (Ogbunike) for burial since they are Children of the First Child but Nando Objected on the ground that they were people that took after her during her old age. Unknown to all of them, Umueri delegates went outside for private talk and came back singing war music. They cut off her head and took it home where it was buried in Nneyi Umueri. Today the trace of her tomb is found in the Shrine of the Aro Oracle of Umueri while her body was finally buried in Nando. In order to commemorate her memorial, there was traditional annual ritual festival called "Oriri nne Iguedo" been celebrated in Nnado unto this very day. And all her Children are expected to be there for the ritual of reunion of the Iguedos.

The Brief Historical Origin Of Umueri

Posted by Mosheh Ben Israel on October 2, 2012 at 3:10 PM Comments comments (0)

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Umueri also known as Umuleri is part of ancient Umueri Clan which traced its origin to a warrior named Eri. The Oral tradition of the people traced the origin to waves of Migration led by Eri. Although there were no written records existing, its indeed obviously facts that the history and Origin of Umueri dates back to time immemorial and early part of human existence in this part of the world following emerging facts from ever constant oral tradition and recent archeological discoveries that tends to portray the Umueri enclave as the first area of human Existence in Southern Nigeria.

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According to the works of Dr Elizabeth Isichei While quoting L Froberius The Voice of Africa 1913 as quoted MDW Jefferies, the Divine Umunri King of Igboland PHD Thesis ( London ) 1934 wrote “The First cradle of human habitation in Igbo area were probably the Cross River and Anambra River Escarpment. In each of these areas, latter Stone Age sites have been excavated. For instance an ancient storage Relic was excavated in Umunagu Umueri in 1975 by Mr. Emmanuel Ozoemena. This ancient relic was said to have been used during Stone Age era probably 980 AD. Elizabeth Isichei went further to state, “This picture of an early nucleus of settlement in Northern Igbo land is confirmed by Igbo traditions.

 

 

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The Tradition of Umueri Clan which hitherto includes that of NRI states that both them and Igala emanated or descended from more ancient community in Anambra Valley . ''We are all descended from Eri but Igala went one way, Agukwu another, Amanuke another, Nteje and Igboariam and Others”. It was possible that the Igala and the Others were either wives, children or even descendants of concubines of the Great Eri.

 

 

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Historians have not agreed on exact place that Eri and his company came from. But it was quite clear that he comes from the east and moved further down and settled temporarily with his followers (among them Ogiso, progenitor of Bini, Aro' progenitor of the Aro people in Igboland and many others), to an area near the confluence of the Niger and Benue Rivers (present day Igala land). From there, Eri moved to the Anambra Valley and finally settled near the coast of Omabala river (corruptly called Anambra by the White men) at Okpotevi (In Ugume Umueri) near Obuaga, which is presently located in Aguleri. Some other accounts hold that Eri was specifically the direct descendants of Gad who is the 10th son of Jacob ( Israel ). (Ref. Gen: 46:16; Numbers 26:16). What is however certain is that Eri was the father and progenitor of Umueri and other Umueri clans and that his residence in Umueri remains the ancestral homes of the Igbo nation.

 

 

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According to tradition, Eri was a Great Warrior, hunter and Polygamist. He has a lot of children and wives (Not limiting to two as written by many writers). The Most famous of the wives was Iguedo from presumably the lineage of Edo (Bini) who was amongst the crowd of migrants at that time. She was also Mother to the founders of Ogbunike, Awkuzu, Umueri and Nando and a Daughter who was amongst the founders of Oboli Quaters of Onitsha( This explain the relationship between Umueri and Onitsha and other Iguedo clans). Eri due to his influence was said to have snatched (re-marry) Iguedo from Nnamenyi, another of the Migrants and she bore to him (Eri), Dabawor who founded Modern Umueri clan. At the Demise of Eri She re married again to Iru,a Hunter and Herbalist who was said to be part of Eri Company. It was here (in this relationship) that She begat Ndo who was the founder of Nando.

 

 

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Archeological Surveys reveals that before ancient war and growth in population scattered ancient Umueri clans into the forest of Igbo land, they were all living in Dabawor/Obuga area. Hence today, traces of their habitats are still visible in this area. For Instance, "Aguu Nri" and "Okpotoevi" are still at Ugume Umueri. Aguu Nri is an antiquity of Great Importance. It’s about half a thousand Year Old tree which is at Ama Iruakpu-Ugume, Umueri up till this day. It was said to be founded by Nri Ifikuanim who was the founder of Nri Kingdom . The Surviving Generation of Elders confirmed it as antiquity of Great Historical Importance. One Problem that had affected the fact of Aguu-Nri is contradiction emanating from the Nri,Aguleri and Other Communities claiming head to the origin of Eri. In this bid, a lot of distortions came up either by design or Ignorance of true Position.

 

 

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But In spite of these distortions, the name Umueri which literally means "Children of Eri" is a natural and unbiased nomenclature indicating Umueri relationship with Eri. Whatever historical view may be, One point remain untainted- that all the Children or Descendant of Eri once had their ancestral home in Umueri, as borne out by archeological, oral and anthropological records. Perhaps one pointer to these assertions is the existence of several trace of Umueri lineage in Some Northern Igbo towns and even western igbo areas. For instance, Umueri Ogbunike, Umueri Nteje, Umueri Okija, Ugume in Kwale area,Umuriam Nawfia( emanates from Umuriam Umueri) and a lot of other traces. It’s indeed worth to note that with exception of Umueri, there are no other towns that have such proof elsewhere.

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Culled from: www.umueriland.com/

Sound The Trumpet

Posted by Mosheh Ben Israel on September 16, 2012 at 5:55 AM Comments comments (0)



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