True Covenant of Yahweh

Tent of Moshe
"This says YHWH, Stand in the derech, and see, and a

V)


Restoring Our Men to Their Hebrew Heritage:
A National Priesthood


The Priesthood Part 1- Understanding the Priesthood

This lesson was taken from a Face Book discussion lead by Chukwudi Nwangwu

The Hebrew word for priest is Kohen. The Greek word for priest is Hierus, the Latin is Sacredos. The Priest always denote one who offers sacrifice, at first every man was his own priest and presented his own sacrifice before God.
All worship is based on priesthood for the priestly office is an essential part of salvation. Messianic Jews and Christianity itself has as glorious priest, the Lord Yeshua [Jesus] and it is through his one supreme offering that we are brought into saved relation with God and enjoy fellowship with him.  The Priesthood is an office, embracing every specific duties and functions.  In the old testament , priesthood in some form appears to have existed from the earliest times even from the begging of the history of our race.  In Patriarchal times the office was held and it's duties were discharged by those who occupied some sort of headship, and particularly by the father or the Chief of the family and of the tribe.

Afterwards that cases of Noah [Gen. 8:28] Abraham [Gen. 12:7. 12:4, Isaac 26:25 Jacob 31:54 and Job 1:5].  The name first occurs as applied to Melchizedek [ Gen. 14:18.], under the Levitical arrangements that office of the priesthood was limited to the tribe of Levi, and to only one family of that tribe, the family of Aaron. Certain Laws respecting the qualifications of Priest are given in [Lev. 21:16-23.] There are ordinances also regarding the Priest dress. Biblical examples of the Priesthood:

a. The First Priest of Torah -
B’reshit [Genesis] 14:18 

And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine; and he was priest of El Elyon (Elohim Most High).


b,  YHWH commands the Priesthood:  Numbers 25: 10 - 13:

10 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

11 Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, hath turned my wrath away from the children of Israel, while he was zealous for my sake among them, that I consumed not the children of Israel in my jealousy.

12 Wherefore say, Behold, I give unto him my covenant of peace:

13 And he shall have it, and his seed after him, even the covenant of an everlasting priesthood; because he was zealous for his God, and made an atonement for the children of Israel.


c. Honoring the Priesthood -Yeshayah [Isaiah] 66:20-21

20  “And they shall bring all your brethren out of all the nations for an oblation unto YHWH, upon horses, and in chariots, and in litters, and upon mules, and upon dromedaries, to My set-apart mountain Jerusalem,” says YHWH, “as the children of Israel bring their oblation in a clean vessel into the house of YHWH.”
21 “And of them also will I take for priests and for Levites,” says YHWH.

 
d. In the New Testament -  
Ibrim [Hebrews] 6:19,20:

19 This hope which we have as an anchor of the soul, a hope both sure and steadfast and entering into that which is within the veil;
20 where as a forerunner, Yeshua entered for us, having become a high priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.

And Ibrim [Hebrews] 7: 1-3:
1 For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of Elohim Most High, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him,
2 to whom also Abraham divided a tenth part of all (being first, by interpretation, King of righteousness, and then also King of Salem, which is King of peace;
3  without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like to the Son of Elohim), abides a priest continually.


e. Priesthood Commission:
Ibrim [Hebrews] 7:20-22

20 And inasmuch as it is not without the taking of an oath
21 for they indeed have been made priests without an oath; but he with an oath by him that says of Him,
“YHWH swore and will not repent himself,
You are a priest for ever;”
22 by so much also has Yeshua become the surety of a better covenant.


~~~~~
The Priesthood Part 2.  Duty is to perform the burnt offerings for sin to YHWH

The chief purpose of a burnt offering is for the Atonement of sin [Leviticus 17:11]:
For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul.
Noah and his capacity as priest on behalf of his household:"built an alter unto Yah and took of every clean beast, of clean bird, and offered burnt-offering on the alter [Gen. 8:20]. "Noach built an altar to Adonai. Then he took from every clean animal and every clean bird, and he offered burnt offerings on the altar.  Noah's dedicated priestly covering for his own family elevated his Priesthood authority over mankind. 21 Adonai smelled the sweet aroma, and Adonai said in his heart, “I will never again curse the ground because of humankind, since the imaginings of a person’s heart are evil from his youth; nor will I ever again destroy all living things, as I have done. 22 So long as the earth exists, sowing time and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, and day and night will not cease". 

Abraham offered the Ram "For a burnt offering in the stead of his son, which is called to redeem [Gen. 22:13]: 13 Abraham raised his eyes and looked, and there behind him was a ram caught in the bushes by its horns. Abraham went and took the ram and offered it up as a burnt offering in place of his son. In like manner Job offered burnt offering for his children and like wise by divine direction for three "comforter" when the great trial had passed[Job 1:5]:  And it was so, when the days of their feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings according to the number of them all: for Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus did Job continually. in these aid he like instances there was priestly action no less certainly than in that of Aaron or of any regularly appointed priest in Israel [Job 42:8] : Therefore take unto you now seven bullocks and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering; and my servant Job shall pray for you: for him will I accept: lest I deal with you after your folly, in that ye have not spoken of me the thing which is right, like my servant Job.

 Isaac "builded an alter there and called upon the name of Yahweh [Gen. 26:15]: For all the wells which his father's servants had digged in the days of Abraham his father, the Philistines had stopped them, and filled them with earth. Jacob also build the Altar for YHWH [Gen 33:20]: And he erected there an altar, and called it EleloheIsrael. In these cases priestly acts were performed by the particulars in their capacity as fathers of the family of heads of clans. from the beginning. Priesthood with it's acts of expiration and of worship was thus recognized as a divinely-instituted office. But in pre-mosaic times there was no special class of priest recognized.

The Priesthood Part 3. Hereditary Priesthood

Regular priestly succession in a single was established through Moses [EX. 28:1-3]: And take thou unto thee Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office, even Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron's sons.

2 And thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron thy brother for glory and for beauty.

3 And thou shalt speak unto all that are wise hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make Aaron's garments to consecrate him, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office. From this point of time onward the priesthood in Israel was confined to the family of Aaron. No hereditary seems to have prevailed in patriarchal times. According to the epistle to the Hebrews - Melchizedek a priest of the highest ranks, had neither predecessor nor successor in his great office- By divine direction Moses designed the Aaronic family as the priest family in Israel, and he prescribed the garments they should wear, the sacrifices they should offer both for themselves and that of the congregation, their maintenance, their domestic relations and their conduct towards their fellow Hebrews. Although the office was limited to the Aaronic family, nevertheless in certain exigencies and emergencies others besides the regular priest offered sacrifice to the Lord and were accepted by God. This did Gideon in a time of great straits in Israel [Jdg 6:24, 26]; thus the men of Beth-shemesh [1 Sam 6:14, 15]; the prophet Samuel [1 Sam 7:9]; David [2 Sam 6:13, 17] Elijah [ 1 King 18:23-32-38] etc. The chosen people appear to have fect free to offer sacrifice and to engage in priestly functions when occasion required, until the central sanctuary was established on Mount Moriah. When the temple was built and dedicated, priestly action was confined to Jerusalem and to the regular priestly household. When Pharisaic, with it's rigid legalism, with it's intolerable burdens became dominant, all liberty of worship and spontaneous service largely disappeared. The religious life of Israel stiffened into a dreadful monotony.


Yeshua [Jesus] says in Mark. 1:40-44. (KJV): "And he said unto him, see thou say nothing to any man: but go thy way, show thyself to the priest, and offer for thy cleansing those things which Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them". According to Jeremiah in Jer. 33:17-21 [KJV],

17 For thus saith the Lord; David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel;

18 Neither shall the priests the Levites want a man before me to offer burnt offerings, and to kindle meat offerings, and to do sacrifice continually.

19 And the word of the Lord came unto Jeremiah, saying,

20 Thus saith the Lord; If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season;

21 Then may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne; and with the Levites the priests, my ministers.

~~~~~~

The Priesthood Part 4. The Priesthood In the New Testament

All priesthood reaches it's climax in that of the Lord Yeshua[Jesus-Christ]. It is because of the perfection of his priesthood that the office as represented by Melchizedek and Aaron was effective, and fulfilled the end for which it was appointed. The one answers to the other as type and antitype, as prediction and fulfillment. Yeshua's[ Christ] priesthood is opened to us in the epistle to the Hebrew [2:14-18, 4:14-16, 5:1-10, 7:9-18]. Two fundamental truths touching his priesthood are made very prominent in the epistle to the hebrews. These are it's orther and it's duties. By the orther is meant the rank of grade of the priest, and by the duties the various functions of the ministry. Yeshua's[Jesus] orther as priest is that of Melchizadek, not at all that of Aaron; [Heb.7] makes this perfectly clear like Melchizadek and infinitely above Melchizadek. He is priest, having no predecessor in the great office and no successor; herein he stands absolutely alone, pureness and perfect forever- he was the refiners fire unto the Levits and to all Israel for us to offer our offerings in righteousness as a nation of priesthood.[Malachi.3:1-4]. He executes the duties or funtions of it's after the pattern of Aaron, as Heb 9 clearly exhibit.


9:11 But now Christ has come  as the high priest of the good things to come. He passed through the greater and more perfect tent not made with hands, that is, not of this creation, 9:12 and he entered once for all into the most holy place not by the blood of goats and calves but by his own blood, and so he himself secured  eternal redemption. 9:13 For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a young cow sprinkled on those who are defiled consecrated them and provided ritual purity,  9:14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our  consciences from dead works to worship the living God.

9:15 And so he is the mediator  of a new covenant, so that those who are called may receive the eternal inheritance he has promised, since he died  to set them free from the violations committed under the first covenant. 9:16 For where there is a will, the death of the one who made it must be proven.   9:17 For a will takes effect only at death, since it carries no force while the one who made it is alive. 9:18 So even the first covenant was inaugurated with blood.